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Historical Events

Share the fun and Please feel free to send us information on events not listed here, so we can add them to the list!


Why this list? - Because I will never forget the feeling of driving up a hill in Italy towards a small town early one evening - in the late 70s, and passing lots of people in historical costumes heading home. Had we known there was a historical-faire in that town that day, we could have, and would have, gone to it.
I hope this helps you avoid missing an event you-would have liked to attend! Coryn

PS Unless otherwise noted, I'm the “I" in the listings below Please feel free to
email me with info on other events you think people reading our site might like to know about.

Several of us here at Medieval Miscellanea are currently planning a trip to France, Belgium, Holland, and Germany In 2011 we hope to go to Spain and Portugal, then possibly the Balkan states (Croatia, etc.) In 2013 it's Germany (200th anniversary of the Battle of Leipzig - ok, it's Napoleonic, but a good excuse for a trip!) Any suggestions for those countries gratefully received.
* means we've been there, or someone who has gave us the info.

The year we were at a event, or learned of it, are in parenthesis in each listing. Please be so kind as to tell us of events you think should be on our list This list does NOT include places that, without a festival or other event, is interesting to go to - for that you must go to the Interesting Places to Travel To page.

We can't list every historical event held in the world, and believe that those visiting this website have specific interests.

Thus this list is limited to those events that touch on European history c. 500‐1650 A.D The events listed may be huge, or small They may be historically correct reenactments of past events (cf Landshutter Hochzeit in July), or “Renaissance Faires" (Renfaire) which bear only a passing resemblance to actual history We cannot list every Renfaire and there are sites that do, so there are relatively few listed here A good place to begin searching for other Renfaires, especially in the U.S., would be the Renaissance Herald magazine (for the U.S. only), or the internet (check out There are a few festivals mentioned that aren't in historical garb - either they are so interesting we thought you might like them anyway, or we were told they were historical but they aren't (like Bad Durkheim in Germany, in September) The Web is a good place to check for other events check sites like Unfortunately, national tourist boards have seldom proved useful for us.

Check and double‐check, as all too often there is an event with a wonderful name promising the sort of event we like - but the name is simply a remnant from a vanished past, and the event as held nowadays is very modern But sometimes not It's worth asking about - I was told the Horse Fair in Fontvieille in France used to be for selling horses, but the name was simply a holdover and the event was now only for antiques Wrong - yes, there were vendors selling antiques at tables lining the main street, but there was a large area with people selling horses (especially the white Camargue horses), mules, donkeys, carts, carriages, wagons (including gypsy wagons modern and antique), and all sorts of other interesting items offered just as they would have been during the great horse fairs of the Middle Ages and Renaissance  Places that are open year‐round and restaurants with a medieval theme or shows are usually mentioned on the page with Interesting Places to Visit 

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The events that are held several different times a year, or for which we don't have any idea when they are held, are listed at the end of each section The information was good at the time we got it, but the dates may have changed, the event may no longer be held, or the contact information or website where we got the information may no longer be valid We advise that you contact all of those events that you are interested in attending well in advance, to see if they are still being held, the exact dates, and to get more information as to what they are like This is especially true for the older listings (the year at the end of the listing for each event is when we got the information about that event) If you find better information for an event, please let us know so we can update this list If you know of an interesting event we don't list, please let us know We have listed the events by date; the European festivals follow the listing for the U.S and Canada Where s are used, it is a translation of the event's name or other information Much of the information has been directly copied from the event's website or publicity; * before a date means we have been there, or have a first‐hand review Some of the events are near duplicates of each other - for example, the same group that does the “medieval spectacle" at Bernburg at the end of April (detailed description below) also does many of the other “medieval spectacles" around Germany 

A Palio is an Italian event with one or more contests or games, usually pitting one neighborhood, quarter or part of a city against the others A number of Palios date back to medieval times; a few have been held almost every year since then Many Palios are held in appropriate costume Some Palios are well‐known, like the jousting at the Moor (a huge quintain) in Arezzo or the horse race (bareback, around the town square) in Siena; the big Palios are well publicized, and the tourist bureau can provide you a list The big ones may not have much else for you to do or watch besides the main event and some entertainment immediately before it, and/or are usually quite crowded, but can still be well worth attending (I LOVED the Palio in Arezzo, and enjoyed shopping at the antique stalls set up throughout town the same weekend) If you attend a Palio, consider picking a neighborhood and rooting for their contestants; you may end up being “adopted" for a few hours by locals from the neighborhood you are rooting for, as I was in Isolde Duvaresse But don't get too caught up ‐ I was almost ready to join the rioting at the Palio in Arezzo when “our" rider was unjustly penalized by the judges; he didn't fall off his horse, he was forced off when he struck the quintain perfectly but the quintain stuck and didn't pivot away!!!!!) Remember, most foreign police stations and hospitals are in modern buildings, and are not worth visiting - avoid behavior that will take you there.

NOTE: Medieval Festivals & Spectacles may be large or small; none seem as large as the larger US Renfaires They resemble Renfaires in the US, but there are differences Most in Europe seem to be more consistent in authentic
costuming Also, many are held in or around medieval or Renaissance buildings, especially castles (ruined or not!), but others are held in fields with the only structures the tents of the fair We have yet to come across in Europe a
permanent site purpose‐built for a 12‐week Renfaire; there are many of these in the US Many European festivals are staged to celebrate a particular event, and are held where that event happened A quick mention ‐ we have yet to see at a US Renfaire several nearly‐naked people (they kept their hats on, as was done!) in an authentic wooden bathing tub lined with linen, with wine and food to hand For a first‐hand report on one of these European Spectacles, see the one held at the end of April (2007) at Bernberg, Germany. We advice checking each event to see exactly what it is, when it is, and what it costs, before going There are events on
this list which are held during multiple months, or only every few years The timing may even have changed Check to be sure Most of the info is cut‐and‐pasted from info on the web, not based on our personal knowledge.
We haven't listed many of the medieval reenactment events held by the Society for Creative Anachronisms or other reenactment groups, as these are usually for hands‐on participation rather than going to watch Contact these groups directly (see our page on Historical Reenactment Groups) for a listing of events near you or your destination.


Beginning of July Val‐du‐fort, Quebec, Canada An encampment of medieval and Renaissance re‐enactors

2nd half of July Ste‐Rose du Nord, Saguenay, Quebec, Canada The Festviking or Festivities FjordGard is a Viking festival (seems to be a Viking version of a Renaissance Festival)

2nd half of July Compton, Estre, Canada Lieu Historique National Louis‐Saint‐Laurent

(2007) July/August
* Last Saturday in July, through the Sunday two weeks later Slippery Rock, PA, USA At the Pennsic War, up to 14,000 people show up to camp out for part or all of the 2 ½ weeks of the event These include members of many other groups besides the Society for Creative Anachronisms, who hosts Pennsic Period costume is required, but in practice this ranges from magnificent, fully‐documented masterpieces down to simple “peasant" shirts with a drawstring pants or skirt Up to 2,000 fighters take the field during the largest battles, and there are plenty of smaller battles, duels, exhibitions, archery, etc Hundreds of classes on all sorts of subjects are offered, there are theatrical and music
performances, and one can dance to live music each evening until the very wee hours There is plenty for children to do, including the day they storm the castle using water guns and water balloons (when the children win, and they always do they get “loot") And did I mention the shopping? You can show up at the gate naked (ok, that's illegal and you'd get a sunburn, but you get the idea) with lots of money, and by the end of the day you can own garb for a hundred days and nights, head to heels, undergarments to capes, including accessories and jewelry; armor and weapons for an army; a Period Paviliontm, lights, furniture, rugs, tapestries, ornaments, cookware, food to cook, etc.; and you can even hire people to fight for you, cook for you, or pull you around in a squire cart rented from Mediaeval Miscellaneatm There are over a dozen food booths, if you prefer, and local motels if you are not a camper Something for everyone, a smorgasbord of delights Caution - Pennsic is addicting; be sure to come by our booth!

Beginning of August Quebec, Quebec, Canada ‐ Event by the Societe d'Histoire in Memoriam, held in the Redoute Daphine, Parc d'l'Artillerie, Quebec, Canada (perhaps during the Fetes de la Nouvelle France, listed below?)

Beginning of August Quebec, Quebec, Canada Les Fetes de la Nouvelle France; the festival of New France covers the
17th‐18th C Come in costume!

Mid August La Pocatiere, Quebec, Canada Festes Medievales du Kamouraska is a renaissance faire (2007)
Mid August Abitibi, Quebec, Canada Festivities medievales de Duparquet (2007)
Mid August Saint‐Marcellin, Quebec, Canada Festes Medieval de Saint‐Marcellin is a renaissance faire

End of August Quebec, Canada Festival Celtique de Quebec

Beginning of Sept Saint‐Columban dans les Laurentides, Quebec, Canada La Fete Medieval de Saint‐Columban is a
medieval festival heavy on equestrian stuff, with some Vikings thrown in

1st half of Sept Ille d'Orleans, Canada Event by the Societe d'Histoire in Memoriam, held in the Maison Drouin.

1st half of Sept Manoir Globensky, Saint‐Eustache, Quebec, Canada The Medieval Festival of Saint‐Eustache includes
shows including fire‐eaters, parades, games, artisans and merchants, etc They encourage people to come costumed

Unknown time of the year
Summer months only? Forges‐du‐Saint‐Mauice, Quebec, Canada Especially on Sundays, they present a variety of
attractions, including a military camp, music and dances, etc. from the early days of Quebec

?, June Mona, Utah The Young Living Lavender Farm has, among other attractions, a medieval village and jousting

? Montreal, Quebec, Canada The Salon de la Passion Medievale et Historique was held in the hippodrome in
2007 This annual? event is for those interested in some aspect of history of the Middle Ages (and Renaissance?) in
Europe and Nouvelle‐France (“New France") in Quebec Events in 2007 included music, theater, combat, and over 100
merchants offering appropriate wares The same group offered a Salon du Cadeau (“gifts") Medieval et Historique
which was to be held in December.

Early January Ronse, Belguim The Bommelsfeesten (Festival of Fools) is a traditional festival, with its masked
characters called Bommels

End of March Schloss Wildeck, 09405 Zschopau, Germany “'medieval spectacle" www.coex‐ (2007)
Just before Easter Spain had a number of religious rites and practices during the Middle Ages and Renaissance that
were later declared “heretical" and forbidden - but not all of them have been totally stamped out Los Empalados (The
Impaled ones) and Los Picaos are two of these, and both are held annually during Holy Week before Easter Los
Empalados is held in Valverde de la Vera on Maundy Thursday, where during the day there is a recreation of the
procession to Calvary But in the evening Los Empalados are lead through the town - this is a group (of men, I assume)
with their arms outstretched as if they are crucified; each has two swords tied to his back(?) Los Picaos is held in San
Vicente de la Sonsierra on both Maundy Thursday and Good Friday, as part of the Semana Santa processions Members
of the Religious Brotherhood of Holy Penitence, one of the local religious guilds, dress in white hoods with eye slits and
white habits that leave the back bare They then scourge themselves with a flax whip embedded with fragments of
glass Very period, very dramatic, very bloody

Easter Sunday Florence, Italy Every year, perfectly sane Florentine citizens gather in the Piazza del Duomo to watch a
dove‐shaped rocket, called the Colombina, fly out of the famous Duomo and ignite a huge wooden cart‐structure, or
carro, in the square outside Today the ceremony still bears a strong resemblance to the way in which it has been
celebrated for centuries In the morning, the Carro (pulled by two white oxen) leaves from Via del Prato for the Piazza
del Duomo, accompanied by costumed revelers, city officials and clerical representatives. The holy fire, still started with
the historical shards of the Holy Sepulchre, is lit in the Church of SS Apostoli and transported to the Duomo, where the
archbishop of the city lights the sacred Colombina rocket with it, during the Easter Mass. The rocket travels out of the
Duomo along a wire, sets fire to the huge array of fireworks attached to the Carro and returns back into the church the
way it came

1st half of April Burgruine Regenstein, 38889 Blankenburg, Germany “Vikings at the ruins of Burg Regenstein" (see
also the knight's tourney held here in the 2nd half of July) www.coex‐

Mid April Burg Rabenstein, 09106 Chemnitz, Germany “Medieval spectacle" (see also the Viking event held here in
the 1st half of October) www.coex‐

Mid April Schloss , 07508 Ronneburg, Germany “Medieval spectacle" www.coex‐

Mid April Schloss, 08491 Netzschlau, Germany. “Knights tournament at the castle" www.coex‐

Mid April Hampton Court Palace, England Hampton Court Palace's kitchens turn out sumptuous royal feasts fit for a
demanding king. Watch typical Tudor dishes being created before your hungry eyes then served to Henry VIII and Queen
Katheryn, lords, ladies, bishops, ministers, soldiers and servants This may have been a one‐time event, held during the
500th anniversary of Henry VIII's coronation

Mid April Morpeth, England The Northumbrian Gathering celebrates ancient local traditions over three days each
spring. There are concerts, singarounds, a barn dance, storytelling, street theatre and the Border Cavalcade, which re‐
enacts the return of Lord Greystoke from the Battle of Otterburn in 1388 Led by Border half‐long pipers, the Cavalcade
leaves Morpeth Rugby Club at around 10.45am and arrives at the Town Hall at 11am, to be welcomed by the costumed
Morpeth Gadgy (the Town Bailiff) and the Mayor of Castle Morpeth. A children's pageant follows and, with much flag‐
waving and rosette‐presenting, street performers take over for the rest of the day Musical events start with the Friday
night Muckle Mingle concert. Other annual favorites include the Barn Dance, a storytellers' garden and various
competitions encompassing music (both vocal and instrumental), dancing, dialect, writing, craft and orienteering
Morpeth Northumbrian Gathering Website (2009)
2nd half of April Schonburg, 06618 Naumburg, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the Schonburg" www.coex‐ (2007)
* End of April Schloss, 06406 Bernburg, Germany “Knight's tournament and medieval spectacle at the castle" In
2007, this was like a very small traveling Renfaire, set up for 4 days in the large courtyard of a castle Lots of fun, food
and drink; great music by a Celtic Rock group, and others; interesting shopping at perhaps a dozen merchants; with a
few tents and some shelters over the sales tables There was a small but nice “tourney" of demonstrations of 4 styles of
horsemanship in various contests, performed by the Arab, the Woman, the Handsome Snob, and the Drunk (the comic
relief, and by necessity the most skilled rider) These competitions included archery at a gallop; two people tilting at the
same ring at the same time, from opposite sides; and riding through fire Some unexpected touches - a hand‐operated,
rope‐hung, reversing carousel, and a proper sheet‐lined wooden bath tub in an open‐sided tent, complete with bathers
eating, drinking, playing cards on a board across the tub, etc. (in the evening, the bathers were authentically nude
except for their hats) www.coex‐ (2007)

End of April Salisbury, England The life of England's patron saint, shrouded in legend, is celebrated each year in the
historic town of Salisbury with street theatre, pageantry, dancing, wandering minstrels and ferocious dragons! The story
we know today of Saint George and the Dragon dates from the troubadours of the 14th century. In the story, a dragon is
terrorizing the villages near Silena, in Libya. Lots are drawn in local villages, and maidens are fed to the dragon to keep
the peace. Saint George kills the dragon with a single blow from his lance, and then converts the locals to Christianity
Salisbury boasts numerous references to St George in and around the city, including The Old George Mall, the George
and Dragon pub and Gilbert the Dragon ‐ a flower dragon who comes out in the summer months. Salisbury Cathedral
bears a statue of St George with a dragon's head, and he is even depicted in one of the cathedral's stained glass
windows Free

End of April, usually April 30th Walpurgisnacht is an experience, a remnant from the Middle Ages and much earlier
Think Halloween crossed with Oktoberfest The best celebrations are in the Harz Mountains, especially at the
Hexentanzplatz (witch's dance place), a famous flat rock above the resort of Thale There the devil greets the witches
who have arrived on brooms, pitchforks, goats and pigs, and then weds the prettiest of them * Alsfeld, a medieval
town with 400 half‐timbered houses, also has a good Walpurgis celebration (2007)
30 April Czech Republic Marking the end of winter, Witches' Night or Poleni carodejnic involves an effigy of a hag or
witch burning on top of hills across the Czech Republic In Prague the wired but compelling spectacle takes place on
Petrin hill The ritual attracts locals and tourists alike, and the daring may even attempt to jump over the flames

? April Crannog, Scotland Do you think that going back to the Iron Age at the Scottish Crannog Centre means fossils,
rocks and smelly savages? Think again ‐ they have delicacies that would make Nigella Lawson's mouth water and Jamie
Oliver's knees go weak, as the pungent aroma of Celtic spit‐roast at this food and drink festival testifies The festival's
prehistoric cooking demonstrations feature a spit‐roast, pit cooking, bread‐baking and other ancient techniques, local
smoked meats, dairy products and tasty herb and nut dishes, all washed down with authentic beverages (2009)
30 April & 1 May Minehead, England A hobby horse rampages through the town, then battles the “town horse". The
festivities start on warning night, the night before 1 May (unless that day falls on a Sunday, in which case it's held on
the Saturday). (2009)
End of April/early May Orleans, France The Orleanais celebrate the festival of their heroine Joan of Arc, with
festivities and costumed participants (2010)
* Spring Karlovy Vari, Czech Republic. In the spring of 1995 there were medieval re‐enactors having an event in one
of the city squares, right by the river No idea if that is an annual event (1995)
* Spring Prague, Czech Republic In the spring of 1995 there was a medieval faire held in center of town No idea if
this is an annual event (1995)
* Spring Grazzano Visconti, Italy ‐ they hold a very interesting childrens' Palio in this recreated medieval village The
activities include games, lessons on flag‐tossing and archery, story‐telling, and a quest (in armor!) throughout the village
with King Arthur, Queen Guinevere, and Sir Lancelot (several adventures happen; watch the witch defeat the two men,
and Guinevere show the children how to defeat the witch) It's great fun; there are probably other events during the
year (2003)

* Spring Isolda Duvaressa, Italy - this is a Palio, heavily attended by the people of the town but almost no strangers
It recreates the festivities when Isolda Duvaressa married (yes, the town was renamed in her honor!) Everyone involved
and half those attending wore a costume, and most of these were accurate (as far as I could see, and trust me, I was
looking!) Those of the upper classes were splendid, even magnificent The town square was surrounded on 2 sides by
grandstands, from which I watched a procession of dignitaries and notables into and around the square and then onto
the raised dais, while being wonderfully mocked by several fools Then the scheduled entertainment began Besides
the fools roaming about and interjecting themselves into what was going on, this included a chicken race (live chickens
raced by noble young women, very funny and even exciting!), men racing on stilts, and a ball game pitting 3 young men
with balls against one with a bucket (fast, furious, and even dangerous, as well as funny!) I had a scarf to wave in the
colors of one of the neighborhoods competing, and found myself taken under the wing of a family from that
neighborhood despite a lack of understanding of each other's language (picture me pantomiming wringing the neck of
“our" chicken, who sat down and wouldn't move) There was plenty to do once the formal entertainment was over
The rest of the town center was decorated appropriately, straw was strewn on the cobbles, and huge fire pits and
barrels were set alight as it got dark One could buy appropriate wares from merchant stalls, and appropriate food and
drink at temporary courtyard taverns and permanent restaurants alike There were games to play, including gambling
games; many of these I have never seen before or since, but played with great enjoyment I could only stay a few hours,
and deeply regretted missing most of the evening entertainment, including the display of fire‐eating, fire‐jumping, and

* Spring Fontvielle, France Ok, it's not exactly a historic reenactment, although it's been held since the Middle Ages
But the Horse Fair is lots of fun I was told that the name was just a holdover from the past when horses had been sold
at the fair, but that it was now an open‐air antiques fair along the main street of the town, with no horses Wrong!
There were hundreds of horses, from ponies to draft animals, plus mules and donkeys There were plenty of Camargue
horses, from the famous ancient white breed that lives in the surrounding salt marshes Add carriages, wagons, gypsy
wagons, tack, horse‐related clothing, etc. so yes, it is a real horse fair! The antiques were also fun Squint, and you can
almost see what it was like at a medieval horse market and fair It's just down the road from the fortified abby of
Montmajour, site of the Holy Cross pardon pilgrimage established in the 12th C.

Spring through Fall
Mid‐April to Mid‐September Clemenceaux, France (near Vendee?) Ok, it's a commercial theme park, but it sounds
like a lot of fun! The Grand Parc Puy du Fou reproduces the eras and events from history that are of the most interest ‐
namely the violent parts Reconstructions include a Gallo‐Roman Amphitheatre with chariot‐racing, a fortress complete
with pillaging Vikings and a medieval castle under siege. The shows are spectacular ‐ for example the castle moves to
show the audience both attackers and defenders At night, the bloodthirsty action gives way to the more sedate
Cinéscénie ‐ a show involving 1000 actors, equestrian displays and ballet. History has never been so appealing

The Puszta (the Great Plains), Hungary Check for dates of any particular event - most are held during late spring to
early fall Note that the displays of horsemanship showing how the riders and their horses would lay down to hide, then
spring up to ride away, are done with a saddle that has stirrups but no girth strap At a number of places you can see a
traditional show of horsemanship, including the Puszta Post ‐ a man standing on the back of 2 horses while driving
another 3‐8 (the traditional garb worn by the riders allegedly dates back to the Renaissance) One such show is
“combined with historical hussar and mounted artillery shows" Another place offers “dramatically staged war show
from the time of the Magyar Settlement (mounted archery, fire jumping, disc shooting)… camps demonstrating the
handicrafts special to the mounted archers" Horse war games, night riding shows and even a donkey show are listed
You can attend a school teaching mounted archery, spear throwing, sword fighting, customs and crafts from the time of the Hungarian Conquest, not to mention learn about the life of the Kuns and the Hussars Or learn military riding Stay in thatched buildings or yurts, if you like, or the site of a medieval Hungarian village Attend a goulash feast or Gypsy show or party, a peasant wedding or folk‐dance show (or attend a folk‐dance school!) Shop in a “handicraft yard"
The Csomor Festival includes a horse competition and a grape harvest ball (no idea if this is historical) Hortobagy has the Hortobagy Equestrian Festiva, the National Goulash Competition and the herdsmen's convention Lajosmizse has the Puszta Olympics and the Great Plaines Horse Show Kaposmero has two international mounted archery
competitions (May and September); this appears to be in historical garb, with pavilions in the background of the picture we saw Papa is the center for the 7Th Hussar Regiment of Papa, and hosts the Historical Games of Papa as well as other riding competitions Taltos has a “Taltos (Magic Horse) Day" (sic!) The Arpad Era Archeological Park in Kisrozvagy recreates a living village from the 9th C., and offers many hands‐on activities, including crafts, and some involving horses
The castle in Sumeg has an exhibit of the Transdanubian Hussar Association, and apparently does demonstrations or shows in appropriate garb These and other events were listed in a booklet called On Horseback in Hungary ‐ equestrian centers, riding schools, available from the Hungarian Tourist Bureau See also the info for Winter

1 May Cerne Abbas, England Get up close and personal with the Cerne Abbas Giant during this ancient May Day
celebration. Traditionally the Wessex Morris Men dance on the mighty chalk figure at the crack of dawn before
celebrations in the village of Cerne Abbas The Cerne Giant is a 180‐foot carving of a man sprawled across a Dorset
hillside, hewn in wide trenches of chalk. It also happens to be the world's only protected historical landmark with a 26‐
foot erection. The giant and the Maypole mound above his head have marked a fertility power place since ancient times,
and his name probably derives from the Celtic fertility god, Cernunnos. The deep trenches cut into the chalk rock have
been maintained by generation after generation of locals since at least the 2nd millennium BC Maypole dancing was a
fixture at the site until 1635, when Christian authorities finally suppressed such pagan festivals. In Victorian times the
chalk trenches of the penis were filled with dirt and hidden beneath grass. Nowadays the original outline is back on full
display, and continues to attract scores of visitors A sightline taken up the giant's penis on May Day points directly at
the sun as it rises over the crest of the hill. The Giant has legendary power to help childless couples, and they still seek
the help of the local White Witch, who performs ceremonies around certain parts of the Giant's form As well as
mystical types, the Wessex Morris Men dance on the Giant as the dawn breaks, snaking their way back down to dance in
the village square, followed by a well‐earned breakfast at a designated pub ‐ just follow the crowds

1 May Padstow, England has" ‘obby ‘oss Celebrations" on May Day.

Beginning of May Hastings, England. Jack‐in‐the‐Green Morris Dancing Festival brings danceres from near, far and
even abroad Many of the traditions and dance steps are period The programme includes live music and a big ceilidh, a
celebration church service, the crowning of The Queen of the May, a procession through the town to the castle and the
symbolic slaying of Jack on the stage so that the Spirit of the Summer can be released.

* Beginning of May Upton‐upon‐Severn, England The Riverfest is a Morris dancing festival, music festival, and more
Ever seen Goth morris dancing? I saw it there, along with troupes weaing varied traditional garb, as well as military
uniforms and other styles, I'd love to see the SCA enter a troupe, wearing mail (no need for bells) and using real
swords… Many of the traditions and dance steps are period The programme includes live music and a big ceilidh

Beginning of May Caravaca de la Cruz, Spain The Festival of the Holy Cross includes a race by horses wearing
beautifully embroidered coats and bearing barrels of wine They race from the bottom of the town up to the castle, led
by a porter on each side, who must run as fast as their legs can carry them The tradition dates back to around 1250,
when templar knights raced across territory ruled by the Moors to bring wine to those that guarded the relic of the True
Cross (Vera Cruz), kept in this town since 1231 During the rest of the five‐day festival, locals celebrate at processions
and historical re‐enactments of the Moors and Christians throughout the town

First Thursday of May Cocullo, Italy The people of Cocullo give thanks to their patron Saint Domenico in a somewhat
unusual manner ‐ they drape him in live snakes Saint Domenico is said to protect Cocullo's inhabitants from snakebites
and toothache, and he is honored with a special church service at the beginning of the day's festivities. At around
midday his statue is brought out of the church and into the piazza, where the serpari (snake catchers) cover it with
snakes and other reptiles How the snakes twine is interpreted as the year's fortune for the town Still covered in
snakes, the statue is then carried by the serpari through the streets. The procession, accompanied by church bells and
firecrackers, is led by the town's clergy and girls whose costumes bear ciambelle, a type of doughnut made especially for
the celebration. The festivities continue well into the afternoon and the braver visitor can even have their picture taken
with snakes draped around their head and neck In medieval times the snakes were then burnt in a rather gruesome
pyre set up outside the village church (2009)
Beginning of May Bari, Italy The Festa di San Nicola re‐enacts the arrival by sea of the body of Saint Nicholas from
Turkey in 1087
The first Sunday of May, and the following Saturday Randwick, England First there are traditional, very odd
happenings with cheeses, including men racing down a very steep hill after a rolling cheese (there are often injuries) *
The following Saturday, Randwick has the Randwick Wap ‐ originally a medieval weapons inspection for the men of the
town, now a festiva with rolling cheeses (no dangerous racing), some people in garb and a very nice medieval band of

Beginning of May 04425 Taucha, Germany - “medieval spectacle", which in 2007 listed a Knight's combat of fame
and glory, with the Black Knights; also a trapeze artist, dancers, singers, and a band www.coex‐

2nd Sunday in May, but only in even‐numbered years Ypres (aka Leper), Belguim. The Kattenstoet (or Kattestoet), the
Festival of the Cats, is a parade and celebration of a medieval tradition Seems the people in charge of storing wool in
the upper floors of the Cloth Hall would get cats to keep the mice and rats away over the winter; in spring, after the
wool was sold and their job was done, the cats were thrown from the belfry tower of the Cloth Hall to the town square
below. This supposedly symbolized the killing of evil spirits This ended in 1817, but was revived in 1955 with a jester
tossing stuffed toy cats from the Cloth Hall belfry down to the crowd, with individuals trying hard to catch one. This is
followed by a mock witch burning and a fake cat‐and‐dog fight, to round out the jollity

Mid May Bruges, Belguim For centuries the Procession of the Holy Blood has been depicting arresting and moving
scenes from the Old and New Testament. The procession's roots go back to 1291! Pictures show people in period garb

Mid May Sedan, France Festival Medieval de Sedan, at the largest fortification in Europe Sounds like a Renfaire

Mid May Burg Kriebstein, 09648 Kriebstein, Germany “Medieval spectacle at Burg Kriebstein" www.coex‐

Mid May 09429 Wolkenstein, Germany “Castle festival" www.coex‐

? May (Whit Sunday, 7 weeks after Easter) St. Briavels, England Each year the small village plays host to the Bread
and Cheese Dole This tradition, dating back to the 12th C., sees crowds of medieval‐costumed locals converge outside
the local Saint Mary's Church in eager anticipation of catching “dole", pieces of bread and cheese that are thrown into
the air from brimming baskets There are no rules in this battle ‐ women hoist restricting skirts and men pull out
extraordinarily large hats to ensure they receive more than their fair share Much of it ends up as ammo and even the
pastor gets pelted, although others preserve them for good luck (miners originally used them as charms to protect
against accidents) * While in town, stay at the youth hostel in King John's hunting castle if possible, and take the guided

3rd weekend of May Brandenburg, Germany The Rolandfest celebrates Charlemange's premier knight Jugglers and
other medieval characters, tournaments, ancient crafts on display, and a lively procession.

End of May 04626 Burg Posterstein (bei Gera), Germany “Knight's tourney and medieval spectacle at the Burg
Posterstein" www.coex‐

End of May Leeds Castle, England Heralded by resounding fanfares and the thunder of galloping hooves, knights
stage dramatic battles on horseback twice daily. Daredevil stunts, falls and fights are all part of this spectacular jousting
contest held in the grounds of Leeds Castle The event also features games to test each knight's courage and skill, as
well as medieval giants that keep kids amused with their antics. Tudor‐themed activities include cannon drill, archery
practice and mini jousts for children. Visitors even got to meet Henry VIII in 2009

? May Mons, France (there are 3 Mons in France - be sure you check which one!) Beware of the dragon if you
attend The Procession of the Golden Chariot, also known as the Doudou. The townsfolk pull the chariot around town, a
tradition dating back to 1380 In the Battle of Lumecon, Saint George saves innocent bystanders dragon's wrath As the
dragon is finally slain by a last pistol shot from Saint George, the participants rush into the courtyard roaring out a
triumphant: The people of Mons shall never perish! and the city is made safe for another year

? May Rothenburg, Germany During the 30 Years War in the 17th C. a townsman allegedly saved Rothenburg from
being destroyed by betting the commander of the besieging army that he could drink 6 pints of wine at one drink The
Meistertrunk (master drink) is re‐enacted with thousands of costumed townspeople and horses

? May Kaposmero, Hungary has two international mounted archery competitions (May and September); this appears
to be in historical garb, with pavilions in the background of the picture we saw

May to September
* Every Tuesday morning from May to mid‐September Totnes, England The Totnes Elizabethan Society runs a
costumed charity market in the Civic Hall forecourt There is also a Collector's Fair/Flea Market, and an open‐air crafts
faire at Vire Island.

Weekends in June Sedan, France Falconry exhibitions at the castle. (2010)
Beginning of June King's Lynn, England This recreation of Tudor times takes place at Oxburgh, a 15th‐century,
moated manor house near King's Lynn with attractive gardens and woodland walks. The displays in the house include
embroidery created by Mary, Queen of Scots, during her captivity Activities at the festival centre around an important
household of the 1580s as it responds to the war with Spain, and there are lots of characters in Tudor costume to meet.
Visit the apothecary and the barber‐surgeon as you peer into the murky past, but save your strength for the dancing and
a pike drill later on Repeated at the end of September

2nd Sunday of June Tournai, Francce Day of the Four Processions,. The highlight of the annual parade is a procession
of giants representing historical characters, including King Chílderic of the Franks and France's King Louis XIV (2010)
Beginning of June 07973 Greiz, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the upper castle" www.coex‐ (2007)
Beginning of June 16909 Wittstock, Germany "Historical spectacle of the 30 Years War" www.coex‐ (2007)
1st half of June 07922 Tanna, Germany “775 year celebration at the market square" (held in 2007 - may not be an
annual festival). www.coex‐


Mid June 03046 Cottbus, Germany “Town festival in the inner town" www.coex‐ (2007)
2nd half of June Osterburg, 07570 Weida, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the Osterburg" www.coex‐ (2007)
End of June 07907 Schleiz, Germany. “775 year celebration at the castle towers" (held in 2007 - may not be an
annual festival) www.coex‐ (2007)
? June Gloucester, England The city centre is transformed into a medieval village as the Westgate Association stages
its annual Medieval Fayre With more than 60 stalls selling everything from wooden beer tankards, English wines and
ciders to local fruit and vegetables, as well as street performers and demonstrations, this is an entertaining day. Visitors
can learn archery, try squiring training and see a battle re‐enactment on the Cathedral Green Don't forget to try the
roast pig and a drop of mead! Free (2009)
? June Chester, England St Werburgh's Festival celebrates the anniversary of a Mercian princess who became a nun,
then Abbess. Viking re‐enactments, art exhibitions, pilgrimage walks, open‐air theatre performances, lectures and
parades are all part of the fun (2009)
? June Chester, England This spectacular Midsummer Watch Parade, with its giants, beasts, animated tableaux and
costumed characters, is one of the oldest and most colorful in the country. Dating from 1498, it features the unique
Chester family of giants In Medieval and Tudor times, Chester's parade was renowned throughout the country. First
held during the mayoralty of Richard Goodman in 1498, it was organized by the City Guilds. The outstanding features of
the show were the giants ‐ enormous structures made of buckram and pasteboard and carried by two or more men.
Giants were a common feature of Tudor pageantry in England and Europe, but Chester was unique in that the city
paraded a whole family ‐ the father, the mother and two daughters. There were also (and still are) fantastic giant beasts
including a unicorn, an elephant, a camel and a dragon Today the parade is created with help from the local
community, volunteers and schoolchildren. If you're in Chester at this time, you can't miss it Free (2009)
? June Hafnarfiordur, near Reykjavik, Iceland The International Viking Festival, held in the Viking Village, has displays
of ancient arts and crafts, stalls and demonstrations of all sorts There is even a feast (and a Viking Hotel, we
understand!) (2009)
? June Tarascon, France The four‐day Fête de la Tarasque commemorates a legend concerning a dragon that once
haunted the town. Only Sainte Marthe, who came to evangelize Tarascon, could soothe the terrifying beast. Today the
miracle is marked with street entertainment and concerts (2007)
? June Tubingen, Germany The Stocherkahn races have 30 or so flat punts powered with a long pole being raced on
the Neckar River, including around an island and under a low bridge The crews are forbidden to bail the boat with
anything but their hands, and the last boat in must drink a restorative tonic of cod liver oil! The low bridge is the
downfall of many a team The race may date to the Renaissance, and some teams wear costumes.
* For 3 weeks in June and July, every 4 years (some sources say every 3 years) - next time in 2013?

Germany The Landshutter Hochzeit (Landshutter Wedding) recreates the magnificent wedding in 1475 of George, the
son of Duke Ludwig the Rich to the Polish princess Jadwiga (Hedwig in German) The original wedding was extensively
documented at the time, complete to who attended, what they did, and descriptions of what they wore From the
Emperor, Crown Prince, Princess Jadwiga, various Dukes and Duchesses, and other nobles to the townsfolk and
peasants, they are all re‐enacted here The street plays, the processions, the recreation of the negotiations and the
wedding joust, meeting the Emperor wandering around the town (I offered to hold that hot, heavy velvet and ermine
coat for him, but he declined…), buying a meal cut off the pig on the spit in the period open‐air kitchens - you can't get
more authentic than this They have almost 100 years experience in putting on this event, and spare no effort -the ermine on the Emperor's robes are real, and the horses that pull the recreation of the Princess's carriage (more like a covered wagon!) come from the same stud farm as did the original horses 2,300 townsfolk take part, and girls grow
their hair long just to be eligible to compete to be Princess Jadwiga The town still has most of it's late medieval
buildings and layout, and even the shop windows get into the spirit (check out the apothecary window at the pharmacy,
and the modern manikins wearing Renaissance garb in the department store windows) An experience not to be missed (1977/2007)

First Thursday in July and the preceding Tuesday (which may be in June) Brussels, Belguim The Ommegang dates
from the 13th Century, with the city guilds, magistrates, and nobles honoring the Virgin Mary. Now‐a‐days 1,400 people
participate, wearing period costume from the time of the joyous entry of Emperor Charles V into Brussels in 1549 The
parade is escorted by a mounted cavalcade and people waving medieval banners; there are speeches and a spectacle
with light and sound (narrated in both French and Flemish) A whole medieval village will be created, with free entry for
everyone. Catapults firing candies and Knights combating on foot are some of the activities that will combine history
with pleasure over the three days event.

? June /July Florence, Italy Testosterone abounds when four teams of 27 youths apiece face each other during the
Historic Football, or Calcio Storico, a 15th‐century style tournament of fighting and football in Florence's Piazza Santa
Croce The game itself is said to originate from an ancient Roman ball sport, which became a Florentine speciality in the
golden age of the Tuscan capital. Once the sport of princes and noblemen, who used its violence to prove their own skill
and strength (for the benefit of the watching damsels), it is now fiercely fought between young men of the four
Florentine quarters: San Giovanni, Santa Maria Novella, Santo Spirito and Santa Croce. Clad in medieval garters and
pantaloons, players seem more preoccupied with attacking each other than putting the ball anywhere, though the rules
of Calcio Storico in themselves are fairly complex. The aim is to seize the ball and put it in the net (which runs the entire
width of the pitch) by whatever means available. Precision is everything, as misses and interceptions provide points for
the other team. The winners are rewarded with a mass of steaks equivalent in weight to the more traditional prize of a
white calf or bistecca fiorentina, which was historically butchered for the occasion. Great entertainment for enthusiastic
spectators, but a pitch invasion is probably a bad idea. Please note that in 2007 the event was cancelled and we have no
details on the next edition. Please keep an eye on the Calcio Storico website for updates.

? June/July Kaltenberg Castle, Geltendorf, Germany The Kaltenberger Ritterturnier is a medieval knight's tournament
put on by the professional members of a celebrated international troupe of firm stuntmen In addition, for 3 weeks
there is a colorful medieval marketplace with jugglers, jesters, acrobats, fortune tellers, fire eaters, troubadours and
minstrels, lords, ladies, peasants, and more The merchants include coin‐makers, puppeteers, glass‐blowers, book
printers, wax‐chandlers and candle‐dippers, and many more, most of whom demonstrate their craft

June - August or “Summer"
Wed & Sat., June ‐ August Amboise, France The chateau is the backdrop for the celebration of the court of François I,
in all its pageantry and splendor. Locals gather to bring to life the masquerades and performances devised for the King
of France A spectacle of sounds, lights, fireworks, costumes, plays, jousting and equestrianism, music and Renaissance
dances, drinking sprees, battles, weddings and feasting

Summer Sete, Frontignan, St. Mandier‐sur‐Mer & surrounding coastal areas, France Water jousting supposedly
originated with the crusaders waiting at Aigues‐Mortes to embark for the Holy Land; when nearby Sete was founded in
1666, a water tournament was held Nowadays it's HUGE in Sete, and tournaments are held all summer, culminating in
the 5‐day St. Louis festival This is more aggressive than the water jousting held in Ulm (see the listing in July/August), as
the boat crews are larger (including musicians!), the drop to the water farther, and the winners become town heroes
(prodigies often get public service jobs) Injuries are not uncommon The regional paper runs a weekly jousting page; in
Sete, a council seat is in charge of overseeing the sport, and a section of the town museum is dedicated to it Children
in the area start learning to joust as young as 3, on skateboards until they learn to swim Unfortunately, unlike in Ulm
(see July/August), here the “costume" is all‐white modern clothing

Mid July Locronan, France The Tromenie or Petite Tromenie is one of the oldest pardons (religious days) in Brittany
Pilgrims in costume, carrying gold brocaded, silk banners and singing Breton songs, begin a procession through the
Locronanaise countryside to a sacred forest clearing, Le Nemeton This Christian rite overlays much older Celtic
traditions. The natural temple in the middle of the forest has been a pagan site of worship for centuries, dedicated to
nature and fertility The sacred places of Nemeton consist of 12 different sites spread throughout the forest over a
dozen kilometers. The ceremony is a serpentine procession from one site to the other via corn fields, across makeshift
bridges and streams, ending at Locranon mountain Once every six years (the next one is in 2013), la Grande Troménie
takes place, covering not the usual 6km route of the Petite Troménie but a double distance of 12km. The procession
involves thousands of pilgrims, who carry maroon and gold banners and wear crosses (2010)
Mid July 07982 Elsterberg, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the castle ruins" www.coex‐ (2007)
2nd half of July Regenstein, 38889 Blankenburg, Germany “Knight's tournament at the Regenstein" (see also the
Viking event held here during the 1st ½ of April) www.coex‐ (2007)
22 July Anguiano, Spain The rural town celebrates its patron saint day (Mary Magdalene) on 22 July. For some, the
fiesta takes place half a meter (20") off the ground ‐ the ones performing the Danza de los Zancos (Stilt Dance) After
mass, half a dozen or so of the devotees that escort the saint around the town whirl and wheel to the sound of bagpipes
and drums, perched on stilts. They skillfully man oeuvre up and down flights of stone steps in a dance that is thought to
date back to the 15th century The stilt dance returns to Anguaino on the last Saturday in September, when Saint Mary
Magdalene goes back into isolation for the winter Free (2010)
End July Schloss, 08371 Glauchau, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the castle" www.coex‐ (2007)
? July Bayeux, France The Medieval Festival fills the town with crazy jesters, acrobats, jugglers, fair damsels and
brave knights Highlights include a medieval market, street performances, concerts, parades and a dramatic medieval
ball. If the mayhem makes you thirsty, the taverns all serve medieval‐sized tankards of beer and hearty meals (2010)
? July Tewkesbury, England The Tewkesbury Medieval Festival or Fayre is free, and includes the re‐enactment of the
battle of Tewkesbury ‐ way back in 1471, with hosts of armored participants Tewkesbury is a very old market town in
Gloucestershire with some fine historical monuments, set in some beautiful countryside. Seeing the town in its medieval
clothes, so to speak, is well worth your while The event is organized by the Companions of the Black Bear ‐ far from
being a medieval guild, they are simply a group of locals who decided in 1985 that it was time to spice up summertime in
Tewkesbury. The result? A re‐enactment of one of the decisive battles of the Wars of the Roses regularly attended by
10,000 people, 110 traders and 2000 warriors in authentic dress (2010)
? July Dinkelsbuhl, Germany During the 30 Years War in the 17th C. the town's children saved it from destruction by
begging the attackers for mercy For 10 days the Kinderzeche commemorates that.
? July Ottendorf, Germany The Teutonic Pentathlon is not only for Teutons -Vikings go, too Many are in costume,
but it's not required You can watch, or even participate in, events like the club throwing, Anglo‐Saxon trail (think
commando course), or Dieck'n (pushing a wooden card filled with sandbags up the dyke) Join others in the Sack
Whomping or the Neck Yank (no hands permitted), or hoist your leader in the Tribal Chief Tote Not to mention eat,
drink, and be merry (2001)
? July Berkshire, England The annual swan‐marking procession along the Thames, carried out in traditional boats and
costumes, dates back to medieval times Since the 12th century the British crown has claimed ownership of all
unmarked mute swans (which were originally prized as a luxury banquet food). These days, the Queen only exercises

ownership rights over a short stretch of the Thames and its tributaries, where the Dyers' and Vintners' Livery Companies
also retain swan rights As the cygnets reach the age of about two months, Her Majesty's Swan Marker and a party of
skilled lightermen embark in six wooden skiffs, bedecked in colorful traditional costume, into the river at Sunbury, above
London, beginning a five‐day row upriver to Abingdon, Oxfordshire The boatmen maneuver to surround the birds, then
carefully lift them into the boats for inspection and tagging. In recent years the conservation aspect of this traditional
work has loomed ever larger, as increasing river traffic and angling have left birds entangled in fishing line or damaged
by collision. These pressures have been counterbalanced by public education efforts and the exertions of swan‐rescue
volunteers, so that the swan population has stabilized The slow progress of the skiffs upstream takes them to the
following departure points each day: Monday at Sunbury on Thames, Tuesday at Romney Lock, Wednesday at Marlow,
Thursday at Sonning on Thames and Friday at Moulsford (2009)
? July Siena, Italy For the Sienesi, the Palio horse‐race around the Piazza del Campo is a matter of life and death.
Daring, bravado, lunacy, bribery, poisoning and death‐threats have all played their parts in the event since its
inauguration in 1310 The race consists of bareback riders making three circuits of the main square (paved in stone!)
and is over in 90 seconds, but it is preceded by five hours of flag‐throwing acrobatics. For the locals, it is the culmination
of an entire year's plotting and scheming, and for visitors it is a spectacular show The Palio is the banner, decorated
with an image of the Virgin Mary, which is presented to the winner of the race. Competitors come from each of the 17
contrade (districts) of the city. To come first crowns you in glory, to come even second is worse than death. For the
runner‐up, ignominy and shame produce phenomenal rivalries with the winning contrada which can rumble along for
years, creating tensions only assuaged when the vanquished win again (or more satisfying, if their rivals lose!) Unless
you're a local celebrity or a millionaire, don't bank on getting a bird's eye view of the race ‐ balconies and seats are
booked out months in advance. Your best bet is to head for the Campo, stake out a section by the railings and stand
your ground. Things can get pretty hot and bothered during the hours leading up to the race, so bring your own
refreshments and be patient ‐ it will be worth it in the end In the evening, wandering the various contradas is
fascinating. Those who have lost watch the race over and over in their community centers, drowning their sorrows in
grappa. On the other hand, the winning contrada's entire population flock to their local church, where the palio is given
pride of place behind the altar. The scenes of jubilation are incredible ‐ firecrackers, brass bands, choirs and dancing
grannies abound. Sounds crazy? It is. Don't miss it (1977/2003)
3 July - 29 August Sedan, France Tournament of Chivalry (Tournoi de Chevalrie), including a dragon; Sedan, France
3rd Thursday in both July & August Loches, France Medieval night market (2010)
? July/August Forchheim, Germany Although it isn't held in costume, St Annafest dates from medieval times and is
still held in wooden beer gardens and the medieval stone cellars in the forest of Forchheim Think of 500,000 people
eating bratwurst and drinking beer from the 300+ local breweries while bands and carnival acts entertain Perhaps an
Octoberfest alternative? (2007)
* ? July/August Ulm, Germany - During the Middle Ages and Renaissance fishermen used to joust on the Danube,
with one man standing on a platform at the back of the boat while one or more people rowed towards the other boat
The last man dry won The Fischerstechen water jousting tournaments held at Ulm nowadays are great fun, with many
of the jousters dressed as historical figures like Charles V, Wallenstein, or Gustavus Adolphus The year I went, a woman
dressed as a medieval fishwife won! There is also a colorful cavalcade along the banks, including musketeers and town
militias, jester, peasants, pretty girls, etc (1978) See also Sete, France under June‐August above, for a more intense
version of the sport, probably dating back to the Crusaders; and for a very different version of horse‐less jousting

? July/August St. Mandier‐sur‐Mer, France - Water jousting - see the description for Sete in June‐August, above
? July/August Carcassonne, France At the annual medieval festival, artists and troubadours, acrobats and fencers,
acrobats and more entertain the crowds who throng this incredible walled town, while there will be jousting on the
original jousting grounds of the Bastide Saint‐Louis (the castle). (2010)
1st Sat. in August Chinon, France Medieval market (“Marche Medieval") (2010)
1st half of August Amsterdam, The Netherlands Fantastic Amsterdam Romans, Celts, knights and highlanders will
give demonstrations, including a knights' tournament with horses and lances. There will also be a large medieval market,
music, different kinds of medieval entertainment and lots of activities for children
3rd Sat. in August Chinon, France Marché à l‘Ancienne (19th century style market)
? August Rye, England Medieval celebration ‐ lords, ladies, wenches and jesters parade through the town and down
to the surrounding salt flats for a 2‐day fair with a medieval street market and a longbow tournament.
? August Totnes, England The Orange Race, organized by the Elizabethan Society, commemorates a visit by Sir
Frances Drake He gave a local boy “a fair red orange"; now contestants chase their oranges down the hill See also the
Elizabethan costumed charity market held each Tuesday morning in the summer.
Beginning of August 08209 Auerbach, Germany - “Medieval spectacle at the market square" www.coex‐

Beginning of August Chateaunuef‐du‐Pape, France The villagers dress in medieval guise and stage street parades,
performances, and a torch‐lit banquet to celebrate the ripening of the grapes There are also a crafts market and many
stalls offering wine tastings
End of August Burg Eisenhardt, 14806 Belzig, Germany “Medieval spectacle at Burg Eisenhardt" www.coex‐ (2007)
End Bad Langensalza, Germany. The “Middle Ages Town Fest" features entertainment ranging from acrobats to
witches, plus 150 craftsmen, etc www.bad‐ (2007)
* Fall?

Many towns in Provence, France Provencal‐style bullfighting dates back to the Middle Ages, and many towns have built arenas for the sport (some few are still using arenas built by the Romans!). The black bulls are smaller than the Spanish ones, almost tiny, and are not killed, but don't think they are not fierce ‐ indeed, some become legendary before being retired to stud I saw a practice session one September in a small town near Arles When the trumpeters played the fanfare (from Carmen, naturally!) and El Diablo came into the ring, I could hear many in the audience draw in their breath, and no‐one was willing to go out to dance with the bull with the twisted horn I swear, he was taunting the spectators, making dashes at those standing safe behind the barrier around the ring, and when he finally was lured out of the ring, he was snorting with disgust! The fighters go in a team of 6 or more, each either trying to smack the bull on the forehead (or steal a ribbon attached to his horns) without getting gored, or try to distract the bull from chasing a team‐mate Even a practice is exciting, especially if the bull is chasing a fighter and hits the barrier so that he flips over it and everyone between the barrier and the elevated grandstands has to jump into the ring to escape! I watched one bull do this twice in just a few minutes The bigger ranches that raise the bulls have arenas to train the bulls, and some host either practices open to the public, or ones specifically geared to tourists The famous white Camargue horses were also
present, but horses are not used in Provencal bull‐fighting

? September Arles, France The Feria du Riz celebrates the rice harvest in the Camargue with Provencal‐style
bullfighting (see the description under unknown times of year, below) The famous white Camargue horses are also
present, but not used in the bull‐fighting (2005)
? September Lyon, France The Festival of the Bird King is an all‐night affair with everyone in Renaissance costume
1st weekend of September Rothenburg, Germany ‐ in 1274 the city became a Free Imperial City This is celebrated
with thousands of costumed townspeople and horses (2007)
Beginning of September Burg, 08499 Mylau, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the castle" www.coex‐


2nd weekend of September Alsfeld, Germany. The historic medieval market is a big festival with music, theater, and
many handicrafts www.tca‐ (2007)
1st half of September Zitadelle, 13597 Spandau, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the citadel" www.coex‐

1st half of September Ferte Clairbois, France The international jousting tournament (2002)
Mid September Bad Durkheim, Germany The Wurstmarkt began during the Middle Ages, and has been held almost
600 times since It started as a short local pilgrimage to the Michaelisberg in honor of St. Michael, which attracted
entertainers and merchants as well as food and wine stalls Now it's a huge carnival‐type fair with games and rides, but
still has the wine booths (selling only local wine) No costumes, apparently
Mid September Schloss Schlettau, 09487 Schlettau, Germany “Medieval spectacle at Schloss Schlettau" www.coex‐ (2007)
2nd half of September Schloss, 08547 Plauen/Jossnitz, Germany “Medieval spectacle at the castle" www.coex‐ (2007)
Last Saturday in September Anguiano, Spain See the listing for 22 July Free (2010)

End of September King's Lynn, England See the listing for June (2009)

September Kaposmero, Hungary has two international mounted archery competitions (May and September); this
appears to be in historical garb, with pavilions in the background of the picture we saw (2007)

1st half October Burg Rabenstein, 09106 Chemnitz, Germany “Vikings at Burg Rabenstein" (see also the knight's
tourney held here in the 1st ½ of April) www.coex‐ (2007)
Mid October 7610 Rumes, Belgium Horsemanship spectacle with light and sound show in the evening, including a
tournament, combat, acrobatic dancing, demonstrations (2002)

End of October Gien, France “A musical spectacle after a geste of Torold, the Song of Roland Medieval music both
western and arab‐andalousian to illustrate the text." (2002)
The Puszta (the Great Plains), Hungary In winter, go for a sleigh ride, or learn to drive one See also the info for Spring through Fall (2005)

End of November Saumur, France Performance of Renaissance dances (and also mimes!) (2002)

December London, England Take a step back in time at the Tower of London's Medieval Palace at Christmas. Visitors
can revisit the year 1284 by joining King Edward I and his court for A Medieval Christmas, a lavish feast with jesters and
musicians. (2009)
Unknown times of the year
* Shrewsbury, England There was, in 2000, an interactive mystery exhibit at the monastery, for fans of the Brother

Cadfael murder mystery series; no idea if it is still being offered 2000
The Weald and Downland Open Air Museum in Sussex, England has rescued buildings from the 13th C. on, and holds
events We understand they may include medieval/renaissance events.
Carcassone, France Jousting is done on the original jousting grounds of this historic city.
Castellane, France The Fete du Petardier commemorates an episode from the Wars of Religion (the 30 Years War)

Laval, France The “Pegasiades", a jousting tournament, was held in the hippodrome here in 2003 (2002) Montaiguillon, France? We've seen very impressive pictures of what appears to be a live‐action late medieval melee labeled Rassemblement de Montaiguillon, 1999 The event was almost certainly held in France - perhaps at a place called Montaiguillon? We can't find such a town listed (2002) 

Simiane la Rotonde, France Les Riches Heures Musicales de la Rotonde is a festival of ancient music (2005)
Landshut, Germany hosts a European festival of medieval, Renaissance and Baroque music, every 2 years. Straubing, Germany Every 4 years a festival is held in memory of Agnes Bernaurer, a beautiful blacksmith's daughter who secretly married the son of the Duke of Bavaria The Duke was not sympathetic to young love -when he found out, he had Agnes convicted as a witch and drowned in the Danube here 2011, 2015, etc. (2007) Morostica, Italy stages a re‐creation of the living chess game held in 1454 to show the progress of the chess game between two suitors for the hand of Lionora, the daughter of the Governor, Tadeo Parisio. Sighisoara, Romania The childhood home of Vlad Dracul (aka Vlad the Impaler), this medieval town has a medieval festival each year, the Festivalul de Arta Medievala Sighisoara And of course you can also buy stuff about Dracula the Vampire (2003) Arbroath, Scotland has a medieval pageant.

Obejo, Spain Twice a year, the village of Obejo pays homage to its patron saint, San Benito, with the Baile del Patatú (Dance of Patatú) The dance's origin is ambiguous, as it is a strange mixture of secular and Christian traditions One of the highlights is the infamous sword dance (baile de espadas) After a special mass for the saint, the celebrations move outside the village church Swordsmen dressed in chap‐style trousers, white shirts and red waistbands eagerly dodge and flirt with swords in syncopated rhythm to accordion and tambourine music, carrying out a mock execution of the master of the dance Sound a lot like traditional English Morris dancing? Although the dance sounds barbaric and pagan, it actually takes on traits of the very traditional and religious San Benito dance After the spectacle of the mock execution, a statue of San Benito is brought out of the church covered in money, placed there by those who wish to redeem themselves for their sins


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